O que é o micélio e os seus benefícios em cogumelos medicinais

What is mycelium and its benefits in medicinal mushrooms

Research from the last few decades demonstrates the immense health benefits of consuming functional mushrooms such as Reishi, Cordyceps, Lion's Mane and Turkey Tail. However, as we see more and more functional mushroom products, there is one key part that is often overlooked: the mycelium!

So, why should you always choose a product that contains the entire life cycle of the functional mushroom – the mycelial biomass – the mycelium, as well as the fruiting mushroom – mushroom as we know it?

What is mycelium?

Usually when thinking about mushrooms we think of only the aboveground part of a fungus, but many of the vegetative parts are actually underground. The above-ground part of the mushroom is called the fruiting body, while the root system of the mushroom is called the mycelium. Composed of a dense mass of thin, thread-like filaments called hyphae, mycelium is an essential part of the life support system of the fungus. These threads naturally extend through soil, plant matter, wood and other materials to collect water and nutrients and bring them back into your mycelial network. To do this, the mycelium releases enzymes that break down the surrounding substrate – be it a fallen log, organic matter on the forest floor or nutritious substrates like in our case, sawdust, organic oats or rice – into a digestible size so they can be absorbed. through the mycelial cell wall. These nutrients can then travel to the fruiting body and be exchanged for important sugars made through photosynthesis.

The long, microscopic fibers of the mycelium are the most bioactive stage of the mushroom's life cycle (no mycelium, no mushroom) and form an underground network that doesn't just serve to feed the mushrooms on the surface. Research has shown that the mycelium forms a communication network with other plants and works symbiotically to facilitate the exchange of nutrients and sugars throughout the forest. This beautiful interconnectivity is often referred to as the “wood wide web” and ensures the health of not just the mushrooms, but the entire ecosystem.

Why is it so important?

While clearly distributing resources throughout the forest is an important function of the mycelium, it is not the only benefit. Studies have shown that mycelial networks can be effective in reducing competition from invasive species, as well as supporting the host plant's immune system through bioactive compounds found only in mycelium. Simply put, mycelium faces challenges as it spreads and grows in its substrate environment and must find ways to defend itself against competitors such as pathogens. The mycelium develops enzymes and metabolites that it introduces into the substrate and these compounds create protection for the mycelium and the entire mushroom. It is these unique compounds born of defense against natural environmental stressors that enhance the medicinal and nutritional value of the entire mushroom. The mycelium acts as the defense mechanism that allows the mushroom to thrive, and further supports the functionality of our immune system when we incorporate whole food mushrooms containing mycelium into our diet.

Many products on the market focus almost exclusively on the high ratio of beta-glucans to immunomodulation as the primary function of mushrooms.

While beta-glucans are indeed an amazing part of a functional mushroom's fruiting body, studies demonstrate that using the full spectrum of nutrients found in functional mushrooms has far more profound and long-term benefits in supporting multiple aspects of health. .

Full-spectrum benefits beyond beta-glucans

The benefits of mushroom superfoods go far beyond beta-glucans. The myriad of complex polysaccharides, polyphenols, vitamins, minerals, probiotics and digestive enzymes within the mycelium are essential parts of the way functional mushrooms interact with our own systems. Just as mycelium plays a key role in the health of the ecosystems around it, they also play a role in our own health.

The mycelial mass of the mushrooms in the Gribb® Mushroom Power™ and Mushroom Power Blend™ products are grown on substrates of certified organic and gluten-free whole oats and the fruiting bodies on substrates of GMO-free wood, during the growth of the mushrooms, these become nutritional powerhouses rich in bioactive nutrients.

Gribb® grows all of its own mushrooms throughout their entire life cycle, including the mycelium, primordia (baby mushrooms) and fruiting body stages to produce a full-spectrum, nutrient-rich product that has broad benefits for daily health and well-being.

Studies:

Back to blog