Basic terminology glossary that is important to know when taking the first steps in the world of Mycology

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Spore

A spore is a
reproductive cell of fungi, always needs another compatible spore to
germinate in mycelium. Spores are produced under the gills of the caps of the
mushrooms and dispersed when the mushroom reaches maturity.

Mycelium

Mycelium is like the roots of mushrooms. Two compatible spores combine and form mycelium, which forms hyphae, which expand to create mycelial networks. Mycelium are fiber-like filaments of fungal cells that consume a source of nutrients known as substrate.

Substrate

The source of nutrients for a fungus to grow on, such as wood sawdust, oats, straw, tree trunks, among others. Basically bases that contain cellulose.

Spawn

Spawn is developed when the mycelium spreads over a substrate such as oats, barley,
wheat. Once the mycelium has spread throughout your nutrient source, creating spawn, the
Mushroom fructification can be triggered in this medium or transferred to a substrate such as sawdust, straw, among others. Spawn is used to grow mushrooms in large quantities.

liquid culture

Mushroom liquid culture is live mycelium inside a sterilized mixture of filtered and sugared water, super nutritious that
Allows healthy mycelium growth.

Inoculation

The process of expanding biological material onto a substrate, e.g. cereal transfer
mycelium for another cereal or for
substrate.

fructification

One of the last stages of the life cycle of a fungus. It is the growth of a "fruiting body" which is what we know as mushrooms.

Urban farming / Urban farming

Urban agriculture is considered the growing of plants and the raising of animals in and
immediately around the cities. It is currently estimated to contribute 5 to
20 percent of the world's food needs. The characteristic that most distinguishes urban agriculture from rural agriculture is its integration into the urban economic and ecological system. Urban agriculture is embedded in - and interacts with - the urban ecosystem and its resources. These connections include urban
farmers residing in the urban area and the use of typical urban resources such as
agricultural waste as substrate and reduced urban water consumption, direct links with urban consumers, direct impacts on urban ecology and suburbs, use of abandoned, degraded or unused urban spaces,
contribute to the rehabilitation of urban environments.